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Meccanica quantistica moderna
Author: Jun J. Sakurai, Jim Napolitano
Publisher:
ISBN: 8808266567
Pages: 544
Year: 2014
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Fisica moderna. Meccanica quantistica, caos e sistemi complessi
Author: Lorenzo Maccone, Luca Salasnich
Publisher:
ISBN: 8843047256
Pages: 216
Year: 2008
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Modern Quantum Mechanics
Author: J. J. Sakurai, Jim Napolitano
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108527426
Pages:
Year: 2017-09-21
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Modern Quantum Mechanics is a classic graduate level textbook, covering the main quantum mechanics concepts in a clear, organized and engaging manner. The author, Jun John Sakurai, was a renowned theorist in particle theory. The second edition, revised by Jim Napolitano, introduces topics that extend the text's usefulness into the twenty-first century, such as advanced mathematical techniques associated with quantum mechanical calculations, while at the same time retaining classic developments such as neutron interferometer experiments, Feynman path integrals, correlation measurements, and Bell's inequality. A solution manual for instructors using this textbook can be downloaded from www.cambridge.org/9781108422413.
Meccanica Quantistica
Author: Leonardo Angelini
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8847039665
Pages: 213
Year: 2018-03-01
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In questa seconda edizione la scelta dei problemi presentati è stata ampliata con alcuni nuovi esercizi come i potenziali quadrati. La raccolta si arricchisce anche dell'aggiunta di due capitoli su metodi di approssimazione diversi dalla teoria perturbativa, approssimazione WKB e Variazionale. Questo libro è dedicato agli studenti che preparano l'esame scritto di un corso di Meccanica Quantistica e presenta problemi che possono essere risolti nei tempi normalmente dedicati agli esami scritti. Di riflesso questa raccolta può risultare molto utile anche ai docenti che devono proporre problemi ai loro studenti sia a lezione che per gli esami. Si assume che i contenuti del corso siano sostanzialmente identici a quelli di un tradizionale corso di Istituzioni di Fisica Teorica dei vecchi ordinamenti del corso di laurea in Fisica. Nei nuovi ordinamenti gli stessi argomenti sono stati, in generale, ripartiti su più corsi. Oltre a sondare la comprensione della materia e l'abilità di applicarla concretamente da parte dello studente, i problemi sono risolvibili in un tempo limitato utilizzando gli strumenti matematici che vengono normalmente forniti nei corsi per la laurea in Fisica. Le soluzioni sono fornite in modo dettagliato, eliminando i passaggi più semplici, per una maggiore fruibilità da parte degli studenti.
Fondamenti di meccanica quantistica
Author: Stefano Patrì, Massimo Testa
Publisher: Edizioni Nuova Cultura
ISBN: 8868125668
Pages: 440
Year: 2015-09-29
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Partendo dalla crisi della fisica classica, il volume presenta in modo semplice e organico i concetti teorici fondamentali della meccanica quantistica illustrandone i formalismi di calcolo con esempi ed esercizi. I concetti matematici necessari riguardanti l'algebra lineare sono sviluppati nel testo. Gli esercizi, svolti in dettaglio nell'ultimo capitolo, permettono di assimilare la materia trattata e di acquisire la capacità di risolvere problemi.
Introduzione alla meccanica quantistica relativistica
Author: Stefano Patrì
Publisher: Edizioni Nuova Cultura
ISBN: 8868129108
Pages: 338
Year: 2017-09-30
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In questo volume si introduce il teorema di Noether e se ne sottolinea la fondamentale importanza quale strumento chiave per costruire le osservabili dei campi in relazione alle simmetrie che essi possiedono. Inoltre nel testo vengono presentate le equazioni quantistiche relativistiche insieme al relativo formalismo canonico e sono discusse le loro proprietà generali, la procedura di quantizzazione e le corrispondenti osservabili. In particolare vengono studiate le equazioni di Klein-Gordon e di Dirac e viene trattata la teoria quantistica del campo elettromagnetico. In ultimo si illustra la teoria dell’interazione applicata ad alcuni processi dell'elettrodinamica quantistica riportando sempre tutti i dettagli relativi ad ogni calcolo svolto.
Problemi di meccanica quantistica non relativistica
Author: Carlo Alabiso, Alessandro Chiesa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8847026946
Pages: 468
Year: 2013-11-20
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Il volume raccoglie una selezione di problemi assegnati nei corsi di Meccanica Quantistica non relativistica previsti per la Laurea in Fisica presso l’Università degli Studi di Parma. Gli oltre 300 problemi sono divisi in undici capitoli tematici, all’interno dei quali è possibile individuare vari livelli di difficoltà, per studenti della Laurea Triennale, della Magistrale e del Dottorato di Ricerca. L’attenzione nei confronti di una sua ampia funzione pedagogica ci ha portato a dividere il volume in tre parti, Problemi, Risposte/Suggerimenti e Soluzioni, per guidare lo studente verso un approccio autonomo e progressivo: risolvere il problema, controllare la risposta, consultare la soluzione. Le soluzioni sono sempre state oggetto di discussione in aula; contengono quindi anche le risposte ai dubbi e alle perplessità degli studenti e sono spesso più estese di quanto richiesto dalla semplice prova d’esame. Si è aggiunta un’ampia appendice teorica da utilizzare per consultazione e per omogeneizzare le notazioni, non certo per sostituire un buon testo organico.
Integrated Devices for Quantum Information with Polarization Encoded Qubits
Author: Linda Sansoni
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319071033
Pages: 140
Year: 2014-06-03
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Quantum information science has found great experimental success by exploiting single photons. To date, however, the majority of quantum optical experiments use large-scale (bulk) optical elements bolted down to an optical bench, an approach that ultimately limits the complexity and stability of the quantum circuits required for quantum science and technology. The realization of complex optical schemes involving large numbers of elements requires the introduction of waveguide technology to achieve the desired scalability, stability and miniaturization of the device. This thesis reports on surprising findings in the field of integrated devices for quantum information. Here the polarization of the photon is shown to offer a suitable degree of freedom for encoding quantum information in integrated systems. The most important results concern: the quantum interference of polarization entangled photons in an on-chip directional coupler; the realization of a Controlled-NOT (CNOT) gate operating with polarization qubits; the realization of a quantum walk of bosons and fermions in an ordered optical lattice and the quantum simulation of Anderson localization of bosons and fermions simulated by polarization entangled photons in a disordered quantum walk. The findings presented in this thesis represent an important step towards the integration of a complete quantum photonic experiment in a chip.
Quantum Mechanics
Author: Kenichi Konishi, Giampiero Paffuti
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191567973
Pages: 800
Year: 2009-03-05
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This book provides the reader with a contemporary and comprehensive introduction to Quantum Mechanics. It is suitable for beginners as well as for more advanced university students. Quantum mechanics is presented in a pedagogical fashion, with a clear logical organization. The various concepts and methods are introduced first in elementary terms, and later developed into more precise formulations. Systematic studies of approximation methods and the discussion of a wide class of physical applications follow. Part I of the book, together with the opening sections of Part II, provide adequate material for an introductory course of one semester at most universities. The rest of the book might be used in an advanced course on Quantum Mechanics. The basic material is fairly standard, even though some discussions such as those on general systems with time-dependent Hamiltonians, on metastable systems, as well as the discussions in some of the Complement sections, may not be found in other textbooks. The book also contains many original observations or new ways of illustrating even well-known subjects. In fact, the authors wish to convey in this book the sense of wonder in the logical simplicity and at the same time the beauty of subtle and far-reaching consequences of Quantum Mechanics, to young physics students in particular. Problem sets are provided at the end of each chapter, to be solved either analytically or by numerical methods. The solutions to both types of problems are given as separate pdf files or as Mathematica notebooks (there are 88 of them), all together on a CD accompanying the textbook. The presence of such a collection of numerical analyses enriches the main text and is one of the characteristic features of the book. With the many interesting systems discussed, the book will also be a useful reference for researchers and teachers. It provides the reader with a unique, enjoyable and rather complete textbook of Quantum Mechanics, destined to set a new standard for many years to come.
Oltre i paradossi della fisica moderna
Author: Pompilio Nutricati
Publisher: EDIZIONI DEDALO
ISBN: 8822062000
Pages: 184
Year: 1998-01-01
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Un'occhiata alle carte di Dio. Gli interrogativi che la scienza moderna pone all'uomo
Author: Gian Carlo Ghirardi
Publisher: Il Saggiatore
ISBN: 885650104X
Pages: 420
Year: 2009
View: 160
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Statistical Mechanics
Author: R K Pathria, Paul D. Beale
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123821894
Pages: 744
Year: 2011-04-06
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Statistical Mechanics explores the physical properties of matter based on the dynamic behavior of its microscopic constituents. After a historical introduction, this book presents chapters about thermodynamics, ensemble theory, simple gases theory, Ideal Bose and Fermi systems, statistical mechanics of interacting systems, phase transitions, and computer simulations. This edition includes new topics such as BoseEinstein condensation and degenerate Fermi gas behavior in ultracold atomic gases and chemical equilibrium. It also explains the correlation functions and scattering; fluctuationdissipation theorem and the dynamical structure factor; phase equilibrium and the Clausius-Clapeyron equation; and exact solutions of one-dimensional fluid models and two-dimensional Ising model on a finite lattice. New topics can be found in the appendices, including finite-size scaling behavior of Bose-Einstein condensates, a summary of thermodynamic assemblies and associated statistical ensembles, and pseudorandom number generators. Other chapters are dedicated to two new topics, the thermodynamics of the early universe and the Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations. This book is invaluable to students and practitioners interested in statistical mechanics and physics. Bose-Einstein condensation in atomic gases Thermodynamics of the early universe Computer simulations: Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics Correlation functions and scattering Fluctuation-dissipation theorem and the dynamical structure factor Chemical equilibrium Exact solution of the two-dimensional Ising model for finite systems Degenerate atomic Fermi gases Exact solutions of one-dimensional fluid models Interactions in ultracold Bose and Fermi gases Brownian motion of anisotropic particles and harmonic oscillators
Sneaking a Look at God's Cards
Author: G. C. Ghirardi
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691121397
Pages: 488
Year: 2005-01
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Quantum mechanics, which describes the behavior of subatomic particles, seems to challenge common sense. Waves behave like particles; particles behave like waves. You can tell where a particle is, but not how fast it is moving--or vice versa. An electron faced with two tiny holes will travel through both at the same time, rather than one or the other. And then there is the enigma of creation ex nihilo, in which small particles appear with their so-called antiparticles, only to disappear the next instant in a tiny puff of energy. Since its inception, physicists and philosophers have struggled to work out the meaning of quantum mechanics. Some, like Niels Bohr, have responded to quantum mechanics' mysteries by replacing notions of position and velocity with probabilities. Others, like Einstein and Penrose, have disagreed and think that the entire puzzle reflects not a fundamental principle of nature but our own ignorance of basic scientific processes. Sneaking a Look at God's Cards offers the general reader a deep and real understanding of the problems inherent to the interpretation of quantum mechanics, from its inception to the present. The book presents a balanced overview of current debates and explores how the theory of quantum mechanics plays itself out in the real world. Written from the perspective of a leading European physicist, it looks extensively at ideas from both sides of the Atlantic and also considers what philosophers have contributed to the scientific discussion of this field. Sneaking a Look at God's Cards sets out what we know about the endlessly fascinating quantum world, how we came to this understanding, where we disagree, and where we are heading in our quest to comprehend the seemingly incomprehensible.
Dal mito alla meccanica quantistica
Author: Marcello Risicato
Publisher: Marcello Risicato
ISBN: 8867558617
Pages:
Year: 2013-04-26
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Partendo dalla preistoria, vedremo come le antiche civiltà si sono spiegate il mondo con i loro miti. Conosceremo i pensieri dei grandi filosofi dell’antica Grecia, del medioevo e dei secoli moderni. Dalle cosmologie filosofiche del pensiero occidentale ci catapulteremo nel mondo della scienza e della fisica, alla conoscenza delle scoperte e delle teorie sull’infinitamente piccolo e sull’universo. Affronteremo poi le religioni e Dio, svelando i paradossi che ad essi sia accompagnano ad un’analisi ragionata. Un viaggio affascinante per comprendere il mondo e noi stessi.
Relatività e meccanica quantistica relativistica
Author: Maurizio Dapor
Publisher:
ISBN: 8843059033
Pages: 175
Year: 2011
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